There are approximately 13.73 billion years, in a split second, the Universe is born.
The mystery of creation is hidden in the first second after the Big Bang.
How, then there is nothing, no energy, no matter, no time, suddenly a tremendous explosion gives birth to space, matter, time?
It is from that first second, that will arise from nothing a burning chaos of unimaginable heat.
A shapeless pulp will swell, extend in all directions and cool slowly. This "initial time" is ours, that of our clock, that of beginning. Even today, we capture the trace in the sky of the first second the so-called cosmic microwave background or the sky.
This microwave radiation at low temperatures near absolute zero, reaches the surface of the Earth from all directions of the cosmos.
This track is part of the background from all sources that our radio telescopes detect radio since its discovery by Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson in 1965.
This is proof that our observable universe had a beginning. The first is the second greatest mystery of modern science, it seems that our mathematical formulas crashing on the wall of the creation. In the beginning there was nothing, no matter, no vacuum, time and space do not exist.
The explosion of a light spot smaller than an atom and an infinite heat, will cause the universe. It all starts a tiny fraction of a second after the initial explosion, the Big Bang. Time begins to unfold in the space of a second the entire cosmos will emerge.
There is no time zero, before the time does not exist. The cosmic clock strikes its first blow in 10-43 seconds. The universe is at this moment an empty bubble of energy dense incredibly hot, then presumably, it swells suddenly, it's cosmic inflation.
At 10-32 seconds, the elementary particles and their antiparticles emerge from the expanding space.
The first elements of matter accompanied by antimatter, quarks, electrons, neutrinos and photons are bathed in a cosmic soup.
A 10-6 second i.e. one millionth of a second after, comes in a first force, the strong nuclear force.
This force will assemble quarks, 3 by 3 to give protons and neutrons to form nuclei, nuclei of hydrogen and helium nuclei heavier.
After that first second, will write a long story even more mysterious, that of our existence.
"To understand our place in the universe, we must return to the beginning and how it was formed. "Professor Lawrence Krauss (Case Western Reserve University).
Image: Simulated image of the first second, there are more than 13 billion years.nota: 10-43 seconds is the Planck time.